Employment: increase in conventional completions in 2021

Employment: increase in conventional completions in 2021

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The year 2021 marks a new record for conventional completions. Some 454,000 of them were approved in the private sector in metropolitan France in 2021, the Directorate for the Animation of Research, Studies and Statistics (Dares) of the Ministry of Labor revealed on Tuesday, August 2. This represents an increase of 6.1% compared to 2020, and more than 2.3% compared to 2019, before the health crisis caused by Covid-19. It affects most sectors of activity and age groups.

Designed as a third way between resignation and dismissal, this device, created in 2008, allows a private employee to terminate his CDI, in agreement with his employer. Contrary to the resignation, the conventional rupture opens the right to unemployment benefit, in addition to compensation for dismissal at least equal to the legal one. Steadily rising since their inception, they had retracted in 2020, in particular due to the use of partial activity and economic uncertainties.

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Could this increase be related to the movement of “big twist” employees, who are undergoing training or changing employers since the Covid pandemic? If the increase in layoffs is not as spectacular as that of resignations (470,000 French people left their permanent contracts in the first quarter of 2022, that is, 20% more than at the end of 2019), it is a plausible hypothesis.

workers and employees

“The fact that it is concomitant with a very significant increase in resignations suggests that the increase in conventional dismissals is largely linked to situations in which it is the employee who wants to leave.notes Bertrand Martinot, a labor market economist at the Institut Montaigne, who remains cautious. It is a proven but not massive move, and it comes from the fact that the labor market is particularly dynamic. »

Due to their growing number, these signatories represent a significant part of the admissions to Pôle Emploi

In 2021, the jump can be seen in particular among workers (+7.6%) and employees (+7.7%), and in the construction (+16%) or transport and storage (+13, 6%). Contract terminations mainly affect employees with low seniority, so their departure does not represent high compensation for the company. These are young people with an average age of 30 or employees at the end of their careers.

Due to their growing number, these signatories represent a not insignificant part of the entries to Pôle Emploi, but here too, the economic situation seems to be working in their favour. “Ruptures replace resignations because they allow you to collect unemployment insurance and have security, but the figures show that people do not take refuge in inactivity or unemployment, they change a lot of activity or employer”specifies Bertrand Martinot.

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